BIOMEDIALE
CONTEMPORARY SOCIETY AND GENOMIC CULTURE

Edited and curated by Dmitry Bulatov.
The National Centre for Contemporary art (Kaliningrad branch, Russia), The National Publishing House "Yantarny Skaz": Kaliningrad, 2004. ISBN 5-7406-0853-7

Credits:
Idea of the project and sci-art-composition: Dmitry Bulatov
Securing of the process: Elena Tsvetaeva
Camera-ready copy (off-line): Dmitry Bulatov, Eugeny Palamarchuk
Camera-ready copy (on-line): Eugeny Palamarchuk, Pavel Saveliev
Design: Pavel Saveliev
Music: Pavel Saveliev
Word-processing: Dmitry Bulatov
Technical Support: Eugeny Palamarchuk
Proof-reading: Dr. Prof. Thomas Bell, Deirdre Glynn, Irina Maksimova

Published by the National Center for Contemporary Arts (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia)
P.O.Box 1582, Kaliningrad, 236000 Russia
fax (0112) 59 51 05, tel. (0112) ) 59 51 06
e-mail: center@ncca.koenig.su
http://www.ncca.koenig.su

The National Publishing House
"Yantarny Skaz"
18 Marx Str., Kaliningrad, 236000 Russia
fax (0112) 27 26 87, tel. (0112) 21 92 49
e-mail: skazoffice@dvornik.ru
http://www.yantskaz.ru

International Coordination Council:
George Gessert (USA)
Prof. Christa Sommerer (Japan)
Dmitry Bulatov (Russia)
Dr. Prof. Thomas Bell (USA)
Ionat Zurr (Australia)

Particular thanks to Art & Science Collaborations, Inc. (ASCI, New York) and personally to Mrs. Cynthia Pannucci for attention, friendly care, and support given in the process of work on this publication.

Translations:
Olga Davtjan
Tatiana Gorjucheva
Ekaterina Gupalo
Igor Khadikov
Marina Koreneva
Steven Lindberg
Anna Matveeva
Sergej Mikhailov
Tatiana Mishunina
Elena Morjukhova
Julia Shpakova
Galina Snezinskaja
Nadezda Zizina
Dmitry Bulatov

The National Center for Contemporary Art (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia) gratefully acknowledges the financial support of the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation.

Information support:
"Computerra" Computer Magazine (Moscow)
"Art Magazine" (Moscow)
Magazine "Novoe Literaturnoe Obozrenie" (Moscow)
"ART" Magazine (Moscow)
"Art Electronics" Magazine (S.Peterburg)
On-line Magazine GIF.RU
Pro-Contemporary Art Edition "PH" (Kaliningrad)

Published with the assistance of:
The National Center for Contemporary Art (Moscow)
Goethe-Institute (St Petersburg Branch)
Institut Francais - Alliance Francaise de Saint-Petersbourg

Copyright © 2004 Dmitry Bulatov, the authors
Copyright © 2004 The National Center for Contemporary Arts, Kaliningrad Branch
Copyright © 2004 The National Publishing House "Yantarny Skaz"

All rights reserved. The title of the anthology, texts and photos are property of the National Center for Contemporary Art (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia), The National Publishing House "Yantarny Skaz", and the group of authors in accordance with the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act, 1998. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, without the prior written permission of the editor. Exceptions are allowed for brief announcements in newspapers, magazines, in radio shows and TV. Any violation of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act is prosecuted.

The National Center for Contemporary Arts (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia) and the author and compiler express their thanks for the help given in the process of work on this publication:
The Museum of Modern Art, New York
The Swedish Institute, Stockholm
Ronald Feldman Fine Arts, New York
Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, Massachusetts
ZKM Center for Art- and Mediatechnology, Karlsruhe
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics Harvard Medical School, Boston

We also record our gratitude personally to:
Irena Akopjan
Christiane Bauermeister
Svetlana Borinskaja
Dr. Dana Boyd
Cornelia Bruninghaus-Knubel
Andrew Chetty
Laura Cinti
David Darrow
Prof. Dr. Klaus Peter Dencker
Steffi Domike
Casey Evelo
Rudolf Frieling
George Gessert
Irina Gorlova
Brenda Hutchinson
Julie R. Johnson
Marina Koldobskaja
Dr. Sofia Kudrjavtseva
Prof. Dr. July Labas
Prof. Dr. Sergej Lukjanov
Michael Mikhalchuk
Lynda Morris
Henrik Orrje
Melentie Pandilovski
Sarah H. Paulson
Margit Rosen
Joanna T. Steichen
Dr. Karen Thornton
Ingrid Truxa
Pam Winfrey
Adam Zaretsky
Ionat Zurr
Ellen Zweig

Individual thanks to Mr. Leonid Bazanov and Mr. Mikhail Mindlin (Moscow, Russia) for attention and friendly care given in the process of work on the anthology.

The National Center for Contemporary Arts (Kaliningrad Branch, Russia) expresses its gratitude for the help and support given in the process of work on this publication to Goethe-Institute (St. Petersburg) and personally to Mr. Wilfried Eckstein, Institut Francais - Alliance Francaise de Saint-Petersbourg and personally Mr. Bertrand de Hartingh, Mrs. Alexandra Leybovitch, and also to the magazine "Computerra" (Moscow) and personally to Mr. Leonid Levkovich, to the magazine "Tchelovek" (Moscow) and personally to Mr. Boris Yudin.

Individual thanks to staff members of the National Centre for Contemporary Art, Moscow and staff members of the Kaliningrad Branch of the National Centre for Contemporary Art for friendly care given in the process of work on the anthology: Eugeny Umansky, Irina Pokrant, Irina Tchesnokova, Konstantin Baryshev, and Yury Vasiliev for professional work.

Photographers' Credits:
The editor wish to thank copyright holders who greatly assisted in this publication, including photographers or their representatives, estates, agencies, foundations, and collecting institutions. Every effort was made to identify and contact individual copyright holders; omissions are unintentional. The following are credits for copyrighted material, listed by the author's last name. Special gratitude for Adam Zaretsky for images provided from ZaretskyImageBank.

Ascott: © 2002 R.Ascott | 1996 Stelarc | 1995 V.Vesna | 2001 Tissue Culture & Art Project | 2002 P.Anders | 2001 M.Novak | Ballengee: © 2002 B.Ballengee | T.Galanti | 1980 B.Beaumont | 2000 E.Silva | 1989 Ch.Ebener, U.Winters | Bec: © 1999 L.Bec | Bedau: © 2002 M.Bedau | 2002 T.Ray | 2001 T.Innocent | Borinskaya: © 1999 S.Borinskaya | Bulatov: © 2000-2002 D.Bulatov | 1999 E.Umansky | 2000 J.Labas | Catts: © 1996-2002 Tissue Culture & Art Project | Critical Art Ensemble: © 1997-2002 Critical Art Ensemble | Davis: © 2002 J.Davis | 2000 S.Starmayr | de Menezes: © 1999-2002 M. de Menezes | Dominguez: © 2002 R.Dominguez | Dorin: © 2002 A.Dorin | 2000 Cohnwolfe | 1991 K.Sims | 1994 J.McCormack | 1997 T.Innocent | Druehl: © 2002 S.Druehl | 2001 K.Smith | 1993 P.McCarthy | 1997 T.Gruenfeld | 1999 M.Poppe | Gelfand: © 2002 M.Gelfand | Gessert: © 1993-2002 G.Gessert | H.and N.Harrison | 1985 D.Gorton | 1995 M.Chin | 1982 G.Beer | 2000 J.Baughess | 2000 A.Rockman | 1997 G.Schneider | 2000 Ch.Borland | 2000 N.Jeremijenko | 1999 J.Friedman Gallery | 1999 Tissue Culture & Art Project | Grigorjan, Makeev: © 2002 I.Grigorjan, V.Makeev | Groys: © 1977 A.Abramov | 2002 E.Umansky | 1997 C.Hoeller | 1996 S.Calle | Iojrish: © 2002 A.Iojrish | Kac: © 1999 E.Kac | 1999-2002 J.Friedman Gallery | 2000 C.Fadon | Kremers: © 1992, 2002 D.Kremers | Pandilovski: © 2002 M.Pandilovski | 1997 K.Feingold | 2001 P.Weibel | 1999 H.Sheehan | Podoroga: © 1999 M.Mikhalchuk | Prigov: © 1999 E.Umansky | 1997 B.Melhus | 2001 A.Tuebke | 1999 M.Liebscher | Richard: © 2002 B.Richard | Rogers: © 2000 K.Rogers | Shumakov, Tonevitsky: © 2000 V.Shumakov, A.Tonevitsky | Sommerer, Mignonneau: © 1994-1998 C.Sommerer, L.Mignonneau | SubRosa: © 2001-2002 SubRosa | Thacker: © 2002 E.Thacker | Tishchenko: © 2002 P.Tishchenko | Wilson: © 2001 S.Wilson | Zaretsky: © 2002 A.Zaretsky | Zurr: © 2002 J.Hauser | 1998 Tissue Culture & Art Project


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COLOPHON

CONTENTS:

I. LABORATORY: science and technology

Svetlana Borinskaya. Genomics and Biotechnology: Science at the Beginning of the Third Millennium.

Mikhail Gelfand. Computational Genomics: from the Wet Lab to Computer and Back.

Irina Grigorjan, Vsevolod Makeev. Biochips and Industrial Biology.

Valery Shumakov, Alexander Tonevitsky. Xenotransplantation as a Scientific and Ethic Problem.

Abraham Iojrish. Legal Aspects of Gene Engineering.

Pavel Tishchenko. Genomics: New Science in the New Cultural Situation.
II. FORUM: society and genomic culture

Eugene Thacker. Darwin's Waiting Room.

Critical Art Ensemble. The Promissory Rhetoric of Biotechnology in the Public Sphere.

SubRosa. Sex and Gender in the Biotech Century.

Ricardo Dominguez. Nano-Fest Destiny 3.0: Fragments from the Post-Biotech Era.

Birgit Richard. Clones and Doppelgangers. Multiplications and Reproductions of the Self in Film.

Sven Druehl. Chimaera Phylogeny: From Antiquity to the Present.
III. TOPOLOGY: from biopolitics to bioaesthetics

Boris Groys. Art in the Age of Biopolitics.

Stephen Wilson. Art and Science as Cultural Acts.

Melentie Pandilovski. On the Phenomenology of Consciousness, Technology, and Genetic Culture.

Roy Ascott. Interactive Art: Doorway to the Post-Biological Culture.
IV. INTERACTION CODE: artificial life

Mark Bedau. Artificial Life Illuminates Human Hyper-creativity.

Louis Bec. Artificial Life under Tension.

Alan Dorin. Virtual Animals in Virtual Environments.

Christa Sommerer, Laurent Mignonneau. The Application of Artificial Life to Interactive Computer Installations.
V. MODERN THEATRE: ars genetica

George Gessert. A History of Art Involving DNA.

Kathleen Rogers. The Imagination of Matter.

Brandon Ballengee. The Origins of Artificial Selection.

Marta de Menezes. The Laboratory as an Art Studio.

Adam Zaretsky. Workhorse Zoo Art and Bioethics Quiz.
VI. IMAGE TECHNOLOGY: ars chimaera

Joe Davis. Monsters, Maps, Signals and Codes.

David Kremers. The Delbruck Paradox. Version 3.0.

Eduardo Kac. GFP Bunny.

Dmitry Bulatov. Ars Chimaera.

Valery Podoroga. Rene Descartes and Ars Chimaera.
VII. METABOLA: tissue culture and art

Ionat Zurr. Complicating Notions of Life - Semi-Living Entities.

Oron Catts. Fragments of Designed Life - the Wet Palette of Tissue Engineering.
VIII. P.S.

Dmitry Prigov. Speaking of Unutterable.

Wet art gallery

Biographies

Bibliography

Webliography

Glossary


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